The novel begins by introducing Nick Carraway, whose family has lived in Minnesota for 3 generations.
In 1915, after graduating from his father's alma mater - Yale - at the age of 22, Nick immediately went overseas to fight in World War 1. After returning from the war in 1918, at the age of 25, he soon hopes to move east and join his friends, who work in the Financial District of New York City as bond brokers.
Nick moves to New York City three years later, at the age of 29, and makes a brief stop in Chicago while on the way.
In New York City, Nick buys a set of golden books on banking and finances, and works at a fictional brokerage firm named Probity Trust within lower Manhattan's Financial District - which is described as a "white chasm" in later chapters.
While working, he begins dating a young woman who commutes to the firm from Jersey City, though the relationship ends within weeks.
Nick describes regularly walking up 5th Avenue and admiring the beautiful women of the city while he travels around after work.
At night, Nick eats his dinners at the Yale Club, then uses the club's library to study for one hour before ending his work days.
To go home, he walks down Madison Avenue, past the old Murray Hill Hotel, turns on 33rd Street, and commutes through Pennsylvania Station.
Not long after arriving to New York, a coworker asks Nick to room together at a commuting town 20 miles east of the city named West Egg.
West Egg is a fictional town that is situated at real-life location of King’s Point in Great Neck, Long Island. In the novel, it is described as being the preferred neighborhood for people associated with "New Money" - or newly acquired wealth. The homes and people here are more eccentric than classic or formal.
Nick agrees to move to West Egg, however the roommate is sent to Washington instead, leaving Nick to move in by himself. He moves in with an old Dodge automobile, a pet dog that soon runs away, and hires a Finnish maid who regularly comes to tidy his room and cook his breakfast.
Nick’s rental home is described as being on tip of West egg, a short 50 yards away from the Long Island Sound, with a direct view of the water. It includes a shed for him to park his car, and the property is situated between two giant homes.
The house on the right is Gatsby’s home.
Gatsby's home is styled after the Hotel de Ville of Normandy.
It includes a single tower, raw ivy growing up the walls, a marble swimming pool, a private beach with a floating diving tower, a pebbled driveway, Marie Antoinette music rooms, imported and restored salons and period bedrooms, multiple dressing rooms, various game rooms, a fully-stocked bar, and forty acres of lawn and gardens that included jonquils, hawthorns, plum blossoms, a white plum tree, and midsummer flowers.
On the weekends, Gatsby’s home hosts extravagant public parties, which play yellow cocktail music and serve foods that almost seem golden. His Rolls-Royce commutes people to and from the city from nine in the morning until well after midnight to attend. Gatsby’s yellow station wagon also drives people to and from the local train station in Great Neck, Long Island.
After getting situated in his new home, Nick drives to visit Daisy and Tom Buchanan for dinner. Daisy is Nick’s second cousin, and she is married to Tom, who played football at Yale and was also in the same senior society as Nick.
Tom and Daisy live just across the bay from Nick, at East Egg – which is a fictional town for Sands Point. East Egg is described as the preferred neighborhood for people associated with "Old Money" - or wealth that was generationally inherited. East Egg has a more classic and regal style of architecture, and is filled with white homes.
The Buchanan home is a red and white Georgian Colonial mansion with vines growing on the side, gold-framed front French windows, a front porch, connecting verandas, and a lawn that runs a quarter mile from the beach to the door, filled with sun-dials, brick walkways, and gardens. There is also a dock that goes into the water from the beach, with a flashing green light that shines all day and night.
At the Buchanan home, Nick learns of Tom’s poorly-hidden affair with another woman, discusses their three-year-old daughter (who is not yet named in the story), and also meets Jordan Baker - a childhood friend of Daisy’s who also lives in the house. Both Jordan and Daisy are described as wearing white dresses upon introduction.
Some information on Tom and Daisy’s past is then explored, and Tom begins to state his blatantly racist opinions, which shows that he aggressively sees himself as inherently above others. It also reveals his insecurity about the rise of others outside of "Old Money", which shows that the comforts which were once guaranteed to "Old Money" are now no longer ensured to only his social class. This scene also reflects that “Old Money” can hypocritical as it hides hatred and corruption behind a veneer of taste and manners.
After 10pm, Jordan retires for the night, and Daisy quickly asks about a woman Nick is romantically involved with back in Missouri before he returns home.
Between Nick's home and New York City is a location referred to as the Valley of the Ashes. At the time, this location was a dump site for garbage and ashes collected from the city. Today, the location is Flushing Meadows Corona Park.
The area is describes as being filled with ridges, hills, chimneys, smoke, and a billboard that advertised an optometrist’s practice in nearby Queens. There was also a river with a drawbridge that would delay the trains and traffic when in use, and a single yellow-bricked building stood on the edge of the small town that existed. The building housed three shops, one of which was a garage advertised as, "Repairs. GEORGE B. WILSON. Cars Bought and Sold".
One afternoon, on the Sunday before the Fourth of July, Tom and Nick take a train into the city and disembark while the drawbridge is up.
Tom and Nick hop over a low, white-washed railroad fence and walk a hundred yards along the main street towards the garage.
At the garage, Nick meets the woman Tom is having an affair with, Myrtle, and her husband, George.
Tom tells Myrtle to get onto the next train and join them in the city.
Nick and Tom then wait for the next train down the street.
Nick, Tom, and Myrtle take the next delayed train into the city.
At Pennsylvania Station, Myrtle has Tom buy her cold cream and perfume within the station’s drug-store, and a magazine at a newsstand.
The group then goes out into the street and waits for a newer taxi - one that is lavender with grey interior.
Before diving off, Myrtle also has Tom buy her a dog that has "surprisingly white feet" from a person selling puppies nearby.
The taxi drives to 5th Avenue, then veers to Park Avenue before heading north to the Upper West Side.
At 158th Street, the taxi arrives at a line of white apartment houses. Inside, an elevator boy takes Nick, Tom, and Myrtle to top floor apartment.
Nick begins to drink in the apartment at 8pm as others arrive by invitation from Myrtle. He also learns from Myrtle how she met Tom on a train one day while he was wearing a pressed,white shirt, then goes to corner store to buy cigarettes not long after arriving.
Back in the apartment, Tom eventually becomes enraged with Myrtle as she mentions Daisy's name, and he brutally hits her.
While Tom prides himself on his family and manners, he is cruel to those who are not associated with "Old Money". This further reveals his hypocrisy, showing that he far from being either gentlemanly or loyal, but is instead aggressive and disloyal in his marriage.
In the early morning, Nick leaves with a neighbor who lives in the apartment just below. He then exits the building alone and walks south along Broadway.
Eventually, he arrives at Pennsylvania Station and waits for the 4AM train to go home to Long Island.
One summer day, Nick receives a formal invitation to attend one of Gatsby’s parties. On the night of the event, Nick crosses the lawn in white clothing, and attempts to locate Gatsby but fails.
After becoming embarrassed by coming to a party alone, Nick runs into Jordan Baker and joins her company as she wraps her "golden arm" around his through the night. After Jordan speaks with two two girls in yellow dresses who are fans of hers, Jordan and Nick then try to search for Gatsby together after she abandons her date to join Nick for the rest of the evening.
After encountering a random party guest within the home's library, who is admiring the room's books, Nick is finally found by Jay Gatsby himself.
Gatsby introduces himself and invites Nick to meet again the following morning before speaking with Jordan privately for an hour.
At 2AM, Jordan emerges from her conversation with Gatsby and says goodbye to Nick. Nick then says goodbye to Gatsby, and crosses the lawn to return home.
Nick losses contact with Jordan for some weeks while he begins to regularly visiting Gatsby's. However, Nick and Jordan reconnect mid-summer, after running into one another at a house party in Warwick.
They leave from the party together, but Nick refrains from flirting any further until he ends his relationship with the girl he left behind in Missouri, whom he still writes to romantically - revealing that Nick is not as honest as he believes himself to be.
One morning, Gatsby drives Nick into the city to have lunch together. Gatsby's car is described as being yellow with a green leather interior.
During the ride, Gatsby begins to tell Nick a glamorized version of his past. Nick is reluctant to believe Gatsby's stories, however he begins to wonder if everything is true after being shown with a rare medal that Gatsby received for fighting in World War I. Nick wonders if Gatsby truly is a self-made man who gaining wealth and success by being a successful war hero.
During their conversation, Gatsby and Nick drive past a seaside port, cobbled slums, abandoned saloons from the 1900s, the Valley of Ashes, Mr. Wilson’s gas station, and are stopped by police halfway through Astoria for speeding.
When pulled over in Astoria, Gatsby flashes his business card and the police officer refrains from giving a ticket. This shows that Gatsby sees himself as above the law.
After the encounter, Gatsby continues over the Queensboro bridge and crosses Blackwell’s Island - which is called "Roosevelt Island" today - into New York City.
At noon, Gatsby and Nick arrive at a well-fanned, 42nd street cellar, which stands across the street from the Hotel Metropole - which is demolished today and replaced with the Times Square Tower.
Over lunch, Nick meets Meyer Wolfsheim and learn some details from Gatsby about Wolfsheim's criminal past.
Gatsby is business partners with Wolfsheim.
In the afternoon, Nick separates from Gatsby and meets with Jordan at the Plaza Hotel’s tea garden. Here, he learns that Daisy and Gatsby had once had a past romantic relationship together, five years earlier back in Louisville, Kentucky - which is Daisy and Jordan's hometown.
Gatsby has also told Jordan that he is still in love with Daisy.
After leaving the Plaza Hotel, Nick and Jordan spend 30 minutes driving through Central Park in an old Victoria during sundown.
Near the end of the drive, Nick finally kisses Jordan.
Nick returns to Long Island after his day in the city with Gatsby and Jordan.
At home, Gatsby intercepts Nick as he arrives, and invites Nick to Coney Island while offering him a job. However, Nick says no to all offers, but agrees to invite Daisy over for tea in two days, giving Gatsby the opportunity to reconnect with her - which is Gatsby's true hope and intention.
This scene is important since it also reveals Gatsby's "New Money" habit of networking and offering Nick money and compensation, instead of simply thanking Nick from his help and friendship.
It is a sporadically rainy day when Daisy comes for tea.
At 11am, Nick’s grass is cut by gardeners hired by Gatsby while Nick goes to town for cups, lemons, and flowers.
At 2pm, an excessive variety of flowers arrive from Gatsby’s arrangements.
At 3pm Gatsby anxiously arrives in white clothing with a gold tie.
At 4pm, Daisy arrives and tells her driver to return in an hour.
Upon entering, Daisy is surprised to see Gatsby. Then, after 30 uncomfortable minutes, Nick leaves the two alone for half an hour by exiting through the back door. The rain subsides during this time, though the wind and thunder remain.
When Nick returns, Gatsby and Daisy have clearly become reacquainted and confided in one another, and all three decide to go to Gatsby’s home.
Together, they explore Gatby's home. Daisy gives extra admiration to the golden items within Gatsby's home, and Gatsby points out the green light that shines all night at the end of Daisy’s dock. Numerous gold and green symbols surround Daisy throughouot the novel, all of which symbolize her ties and connection to "Old Money" and enormous wealth.
During the tour, Daisy breaks down and begins to cry in Gatsby's room while looking through his collection of luxurious shirts. This can either be her realization that Gatsby could have given her the life she had wanted, or she is realizing that she is truly in love with money instead of the person who holds the wealth.
After this night, Gatsby tells Nick a little more about his past. It is evident to Nick that Gatsby has achieved the "American Dream" by becoming rich. However, to achieve the dream, he had to reinvent himself, leave his home, and adjust to those around him as needed.
Though in the end, it is clear that all of his efforts over the years resulted from a pure motivation: his love for Daisy.
One Sunday afternoon, Nick goes over to Gatsby's and sees Tom arrive with a man and attractive woman.
Gatsby comes to meet the visitors, and Tom becomes surprised and curious after learning that Gatsby is acquainted with his spouse.
Soon, Gatsby invites the group to return the following weekend for a party - which everyone accepts. However, Gatsby also invites the group to dinner, which the group then collectively rejects.
As dictated in "Old Money" fashion, the group then invites Gatsby to dine with them instead, in an act of insincere politeness that is disguised as good manners. Gatsby excitedly accepts - unaware of the customs of "Old Money", which expect Gatsby to reject the offer since they rejected his.
Astonished and appalled by Gatsby's acceptance of their invitation, Nick watches the group rush to leave before Gatsby can return to join them.
Tom arrives at Gatsby's party with Daisy the following Saturday.
Daisy recognizes some of the faces of the famous celebrities around her, though neither Tom nor Daisy know anyone by name, since the people are not part of the "Old Money" community. Daisy also mentions to Nick that the cards to gives to those she meets are going to be green.
Tom soon begins to mingle with others, leaving Daisy and Gatsby to dance together and spend half an hour alone on Nick's porch while Nick stands guard in Gatsby’s garden.
Nick, Daisy, and Gatsby later reunite with Tom for dinner, though Tom says he will dine with another group instead. Daisy then gives Tom a golden pencil for taking down addresses before he leaves, and refers to the lady Tom is speaking with as "common but pretty".
As everyone dines, Nick can see Daisy becoming visibly appalled by the untamed demeaner of the "New Money" people around her.
Eventually, Daisy and Tom leave to drive home, though it is clear that Daisy did not enjoy the location – West Egg - or the people who had attended the party, in comparison to the "Old Money" community she is accustomed to.
Nick stays behind and speaks with Gatsby, who insists that Daisy never loved Tom, and will leave her marriage to go back to Louisville with Gatsby to marry one another at her family’s home, which is the location where they met - as though it was five years ago. Gatsby also gives more information about when he met Daisy, including details on how she was wearing white and driving a white car.
Nick warns Gatsby that the dream may be too much to expect, though Gatsby is unwilling to accept that Daisy has changed, made a new life, or moved on since they last saw one another years ago.
Nick is partially appalled by Gatsby's intentions, seeing that he has turned Daisy into an idealized symbol of perfection in which he has sacrificed his entire identity for.
Suddenly, Gatsby's home stops hosting parties for weeks.
Nick eventually goes over to see if he is sick, but is sent away by the butler.
Later that day, Gatsby calls Nick's home and explains that Daisy began regularly visiting to have an affair. Every servant had been dismissed to ensure their privacy, and was replaced with people provided by Wolfsheim.
Gatsby then requests Nick to visit Daisy’s home the next day. Daisy also calls with the same invitation 30 minutes later.
Nick takes the noon train to Daisy’s home from work on a stifling hot day, passing the by National Biscuit Company - which is named Nabisco today - while en route.
At the Buchanan home, Daisy asks Tom to make everyone cold drinks.
When Tom leaves the room, Daisy kisses Gatsby in front of both Nick and Jordan, causing Jordan to complain about the action and call Daisy vulgar.
The Buchanan’s child, Pammy, then enters the room with her nanny, showing off her white dress to Daisy. Daisy reveals that she asked Pammy to wear the dress to meet Gatsby, and tries to introduce the child to the group. However, Pammy instead asks where her father is – Tom. Gatsby also looks at the child in shock, finally seeing evidence that Daisy had, indeed, created a life away from him. Soon, the child returns to the nanny and leaves when Tom returns with the drinks.
Tom then tours Gatsby around the home's verandas before everyone sits to eat in a dimly lit dining room while Daisy suggests going into the city.
Over the table, Tom realizes that Daisy and Gatsby are having an affair when she glamorizes Gatsby and compares him to an advertisement. Tom knows that her attraction falls onto whoever she views as wealthy, and this comparison has revealed her feelings to him. This causes Tom to now encourage the group to drive into the city as well.
While preparing to leave, Gatsby tells Nick that Daisy's voice sounds of money - showing that Gatsby partly sees a marriage to Daisy as proving his wealth and status within the world of "Old Money".
Everyone leaves for New York City in two separate cars. Tom drives Gatsby’s beige car, and Gatsby drives Tom’s blue car - to ensure that Daisy and Gatsby do not simply run away together, which Tom now fears.
They drive to the Valley of Ashes, where Tom stops to get gas and learns that George has also begun to notice Myrtle's affair - but doesn't know with whom. After George announces his intention to move away from Long Island with Myrtle, Tom continues through Astoria and crosses the Queensboro bridge into the city, trying to catch up to Daisy and Gatsby's car.
During this time, Nick reflects on how Tom is no different than George, except George is has become sickly from his work and lack of healthcare, while Tom is strong and healthy due to his wealth and status.
After regrouping in the city, everyone discusses seeing a movie around Fiftieth Street to enjoy to cool air. Though, Tom suggests going to the Plaza Hotel instead after Daisy rejects the idea and suggests splitting up.
At 4 PM, the two cars travel towards the south side of Central Park to the Plaza Hotel, where they book a parlor suite. Daisy first suggests booking five bathrooms for individual cold baths, but then settles on booking one room and making mint juleps for everyone - even though she does not drink alcohol, and neither does Gatsby.
Once in the room, a major confrontation occurs, with Tom questioning Gatsby's class and status due to his mysterious past and clear involvement in criminal activity - which includes bootlegging prescription alcohol, rigged gambling, and a more sinister scheme that is not described in detail.
During the conversation, Gatsby also becomes shocked when Daisy admits that she had, in fact, fallen in love with her husband, Tom, and that her life was not dictated by the single month they had shared together in Louisville - which had become so central to Gatsby's life.
The conversation ends with Daisy wanting to end her affair with Gatsby, who is clearly not the respectable businessman that she had thought he was, but is instead a dangerous gangster.
At 7 PM, everyone begins to drive back to Long Island.
Gatsby and Daisy return in Gatsby's car, while Tom drives his own car with Nick and Jordan. Tom is no longer worried about Daisy running away with Gatsby.
On the way back, Tom stops at the garage in the Valley of the Ashes after seeing a gathering crowd.
Inside, he learns that Myrtle was killed after being hit by Gatsby’s car, which then sped away without stopping.
Gatsby's car is incorrectly described to the police as being "light green" by a witness, as Myrtle's body lies under a yellow light.
After arriving at the Buchanan home at 9:30 PM, Tom calls for a taxi to take Nick home.
Nick walks towards the gate to wait for the taxi when he sees Gatsby hiding in the bushes.
Nick learns that Daisy was driving the car when Myrtle was killed, and Gatsby is now waiting for Daisy to flicker the lights inside to signal if she is in trouble with Tom.
Just as Daisy's "Old Money" husband hides behind fake manners, Daisy is now hiding behind Gatsby. It is also clear that Gatsby has little care for Myrtle's death, and only cares about winning Daisy's heart.
Nick tries to tell Gatsby that his worries are unfounded, though Gatsby doesn't listen.
In an effort to allay Gatsby’s worries about Tom, Nick goes and peers through a window to see Daisy and Tom calmly talking. They are even clearly scheming together, though Nick does not hear their conversation. However, Daisy is obviously in no distress.
Nick leaves by taxi to go home by himself after Gatsby insists on waiting for Daisy's signal.
Nick knows that Gatsby is wasting his time.
Nick has a restless night listening to the fog horn in the Long Island Sound.
When he hears a taxi arrive at Gatsby’s driveway, he gets out from bed, crosses the lawn, and enters through Gatsby's front door, which was left open.
Gatsby tells Nick that he left from Daisy's at 4 AM, after Daisy went to her window, stood for a minute, and then turned off the light without giving any signal.
Nick and Gatsby go into the drawing room, open some windows, and begin to smoke while Nick tells Gatsby to go to Atlantic City or Montreal to avoid repercussions from the crime the night before. However, Gatsby says he will not leave until he knows what Daisy is going to do. Gatsby is adamant that he will not give up on his dream of being with Daisy - even though it will clearly never happen.
Daybreak arrives and Nick and Gatsby open the rest of the windows before eating breakfast on the porch. Gatsby then invites Nick to swim in the pool before it is drained for the fall, however Nick declines and says he must leave for the next train to go to work.
Nick compliments Gatsby before leaving, and Nick narrates that it was the only compliment he was able to give him.
Until now, Nick has disapproved of Gatsby's life to a certain extent. Though, Nick clearly prefers Gatsby's dream to those of the "rotten crowd" that surrounds them both: Gatsby simply wants to be with Daisy.
Nick has a bad feeling and does not want to leave for work. Though, he does a little after 9 AM, and reflects on the fact that he first entered Gatsby’s home exactly three months earlier.
Nick purposefully misses two trains before finally taking the third into the city, though he falls asleep in his work chair not long after arriving.
He wakes when Jordan calls his office at noon, explaining that she moved out from the Buchanan home and is now living in Hempstead, but is getting ready to go to Southampton.
Nick calls Gatsby’s home after hanging up with Jordan, but the line is busy. He tries four times; finally learning that the line is being kept open for a specific call.
Nick feels anxious about Gatsby, and looks at the train schedule to circle the next train he can make, which is at 3:50 PM.
Nick sits on the 3:50 PM train back to Long Island, purposefully on the side of the carriage that is opposite of the garage, to avoid looking at the scene of last night's crime.
A flashback now occurs, showing what events took place with George and Myrtle at the garage since the day before.
At 2pm, Gatsby puts on his bathing suit to go for a swim under the yellowing trees.
He walks to his garage with his chauffeur and inflates a pool float. He then goes to the pool and tells the chauffeur to not remove the now-damaged car from the garage.
At 2:30 PM, George has walked all the way to Mr. Gatsby's area, and begins inquiring people about where Gatsby lives.
After 4pm, Nick disembarks from the train and drives to Gatsby's home.
In the afternoon, the chauffeur hears multiple shots fired as George arrives and murders Gatsby by the marble swimming pool before turning the gun on himself. Nick arrives just after.
Nick, the chauffeur, the butler, and the gardener rush to the back of the home to find Gatsby’s body in the pool.
While working to move the body inside, they notice George's body on the lawn as well.
Nick calls Daisy after bringing the body inside. However, he is told by the butler that everyone had already left the Buchanan home with their luggage fully packed.
Nick also tries to contact Wolfshiem, to notify him of Gatsby’s funeral. However, Wolfsheim responds that he will not attend.
For two days, the property is filled with police, journalists, and teenagers that sneak onto the grounds to observe the crime scene at the pool, though no one inquires about Gatsby personally or intimately. Nick begins to resent everyone who once came to the parties.
On the third day, a telegram signed by Henry C. Gatz arrives from Minnesota, asking for the funeral to be postponed until their arrival. The man is Gatsby’s father.
Henry Gatz arrives soon after, saying he saw the news in a Chicago newspaper. He asks to see his son - "Jimmy" - who is laid in the drawing room. Ironically and sadly, the person who cared about Gatsby most - his father - was left behind as Gatsby reinvented himself, left the Midwest, and chased after his dreams of obtaining wealth and marrying Daisy.
The funeral is scheduled for the next day at 3PM, and Gatsby's father spends the day proudly examining his son's home. The also states that Gatsby would have wanted to be buried in New York, where he had built his life, instead of at home in the Midwest - which he ran away from.
After unsuccessfully going into the city to ask Wolfsheim to attend the funeral one final time, a minister arrives at Gatsby’s home on a rainy afternoon to begin the funeral procession.
Nick asks the minister to wait 30 minutes for other guests to arrive.
However, no one comes.
At 5pm, the funeral procession begins with Nick, Gatsby's father - Henry Gatz, and the four or five servants who remained.
The rain increases as they proceed.
At the cemetery, the one party guest that Jordan and Nick had met weeks earlier (Chapter 3) arrives in his own car.
The visitor voices pity for Gatsby after quickly realizing that he is the only other person to attend the funeral procession. However, the visitor is clearly a spectator, and is only admiring the scene as he was admiring the books within the library before.
After the funeral, Nick is haunted by Long Island and decides to leave New York to return to Missouri.
Before leaving, he meets with Jordan to discuss the end of their relationship, and also happens to run into Tom on 5th Avenue on a separate day.
Nick confronts Tom after he is taken aback by Tom's surprisingly relaxed demeanor. During the confrontation, Nick learns that Tom had encouraged George to find and attack Gatsby, after convincing him that Myrtle and Gatsby were having an affair together. Tom believed his actions to encourage the attack were justified, leaving Nick furious with both Tom and Daisy.
Nick returns to Missouri by train and feels at home.
He passes by the yellow cars of Chicago, Union Station, Milwaukee, and heads to the Saint Paul by passing through small Wisconsin stations that are described as looking cheerful in the wintery environment.
While on the train, Nick reflects on the fact that he, Jordan, Daisy, Tom, and Gatsby were all Midwesterners, who likely did not fit in at the East Coast.
As the book ends, Nick reflects on his final night living at the rental home on Long Island.
His luggage was packed, his car was sold, and he went to Gatsby’s home one last time.
The grass was overgrown as he walked up to the front stairs, and he cleared away some graffiti that had been scratched into the steps. He then walked around to the now-vacant private beach, and could clearly imagine the sound of the music and voices from the parties that had just been regularly occurring every weekend during the summer.
He laid on the sand, looked across the bay, and saw the green light shining from what used to be Daisy’s dock. He reflected on what Gatsby’s reaction to it had once been to it, and how the green land once sprung hope upon the Dutch who first arrived from Europe.